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What Does CBD Stand For? Learn About Cannabidiol

Posted by Jim Higdon on Jun 14th 2020

What Does CBD Stand For? Learn About Cannabidiol

Since the passage of the Farm Bill of 2018 allowed the cultivation of hemp nationwide, it’s common to now see hemp derived CBD products lining the shelves of your local health market. CBD comes in many different product types such as sublingual oils, capsules, topicals, vape oils, drinks, and edibles. 1 With cannabis becoming a part of mainstream culture, many CBD consumers may surprisingly be left wondering “what does CBD stand for?” Luckily, we are here for you.

What Does “CBD” Mean?

The abbreviation CBD stands for "cannabidiol".2 CBD is found in cannabis as one of nearly 150 cannabinoids found naturally in the Cannabis sativa plant. These cannabinoids exist in all strains of Cannabis sativa, whether they be hemp or marijuana. The most fascinating thing about cannabinoids is their rarity in the plant world. No other plant has been found to produce these unique compounds.

The distinction between hemp and marijuana is based upon how much delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, is found in the cannabis plant. Most people are aware of THC as the chemical compound in the marijuana plant that gets you "high." The type of cannabis we call "hemp" contains a THC content that is not above 0.3%.3 CBD is non psychoactive, and using CBD does not affect the brain the same way as smoking marijuana. The advent of CBD allows people to experience the health benefits of cannabis hemp plants without getting high.

What is the ECS?

In 1992, scientists researching cannabinoids at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem discovered a previously unknown system in the body that responded to hemp-derived CBD. That system we now know as the endocannabinoid system, or ECS.4

The ECS is a network of cannabinoid receptors overlaying the central nervous system. These receptors can be found all throughout the body, including the organs and skin. CBD works by encouraging the production of the body's natural cannabinoids (endocannabinoids), which then bind to the receptors. This allows the ECS help the body maintain homeostasis, and thereby promoting general health and wellness.

What are Cannabinoids?

Endocannabinoids are already produced by the human body.5 Phytocannabinoids come from the cannabis plant.6 Phytocannabinoids are different from the body’s endocannabinoids, but they are similar enough to interact with the ECS7 in the same way and stimulate the production of endocannabinoids. These phytocannabinoids are also called exocannabinoids, and as we mentioned above they are the only source of cannabinoids found in nature that are similar to what our bodies naturally produce.

What is the Entourage Effect?

Scientists call the action of all cannabinoids working together the “entourage effect.” 8 When scientists isolated CBD from the other cannabinoids, they found that it was not as effective as when all the cannabinoids worked together. The study showed a drop-off effect of CBD isolate at higher doses. By contrast, a full spectrum CBD extract did not have a drop off in effectiveness.9

CBD extracts containing a complete phytocannabinoid profile are called “full spectrum” oils. Consumers looking to experience all that the hemp plant has to offer should only shop for full spectrum CBD products to get the most health benefits.

For those struggling to understand why this occurs, let us explain using a sports metaphor. Think of the full spectrum of cannabinoids as a basketball team. Each player on the team plays an important role in how the team performs. If one of the players goes missing, the whole team suffers.  

The same is true with full spectrum cannabinoids. By removing a key component like THC, providers of THC-free CBD products may actually be doing their customers a huge disservice in terms of the potency and effectiveness of the CBD extract. That’s why at Cornbread Hemp, we only use the highest quality, most potent, full spectrum CBD extracts when formulating our CBD products.

Will CBD Oil Get You High?

Some people want to avoid potential THC intoxication by purchasing CBD isolates or broad spectrum CBD. What they do not realize is that even with THC in it, full spectrum hemp extract appear to get people high. That's because CBD may inhibit THC from bonding to the ECS receptors in the brain.

The THC in a full spectrum hemp extract helps CBD interact with the body’s cannabinoid receptors more efficiently, while not producing any unwanted psychotropic effects. It’s just another reason why choosing full spectrum CBD products is always the best way to go, especially if potency and effectiveness are your priority.

The effects of CBD derived from hemp are more in line with a non-psychoactive overall wellness supplement, rather than a recreational drug experience. Legal full spectrum CBD hemp oil should have a percentage of less than 0.3 THC content, not enough to get anyone "high."  

Are There Any Side Effects?

One of the best qualities of hemp oil is that CBD comes with many potential health benefits and few, if any, side effects. Some consumers report that too much CBD may cause sleepiness or an upset stomach. The most extreme side effect reported is that large doses of CBD may cause diarrhea. However, CBD is generally regarded as safe when taking a normal serving size on a non-empty stomach.

If you are taking prescription medication, you should contact your healthcare provider before beginning a CBD regimen. CBD may work in a synergistic way with some medications. That means the CBD may make your meds work more efficiently with your body. This could amplify whatever side effects are associated with the medicine.

The Best CBD Extraction Methods

There are several different processes to choose from to extract CBD from raw cannabis plant material. One way to extract phytocannabinoids without harsh chemicals is under high pressure with supercritical carbon dioxide.10 This method requires a lot of heavy machinery,11 and leaves an extract with a bitter aftertaste. While popular, there is a better method of extraction.

Ethanol extraction can be certified organic by using organic sugarcane ethanol as a solvent. This method is gentle, safe, and effective.12 Organic ethanol extraction allows the creation of an oil with a smoother flavor than other methods. Rather than relying on pressurized CO2 to forcibly push the compounds out, we utilize the properties of the sugarcane ethanol to gently extract the cannabinoids from the plant matter.

This creates a process with much less internal friction, which in turn creates the best tasting full spectrum CBD extract you have ever had. Seriously. Ethanol extraction requires less machinery, a smaller carbon footprint, and less energy in general than other extraction methods. Ethanol extraction also produces yields that are higher in CBD volume and in quality, while also being completely safe for humans to enjoy as a finished product.

What Does Cornbread Hemp Stand For?

Local Kentucky Farmers

Cornbread Hemp strives to produce the highest quality CBD hemp oil available. Located in Louisville, we work directly with organic Kentucky farmers to encourage development of the local economy while also taking advantage of the Bluegrass State’s ideal hemp growing climate.

By now you may be wondering why we call ourselves Cornbread Hemp. Well, it turns out that Kentucky has been home to the finest cannabis in America for over 250 years. The first hemp plant in Kentucky was planted in Danville in 1775. 13 Since then, Kentucky has been a market leader in the production of outdoor hemp, both for fiber and grain, as well as for cannabinoids.

So what does that have to do with Cornbread? In 1985, law enforcement arrested 70 men charged with growing 200 tons of marijuana across 10 states. All 70 were from central Kentucky. Authorities nick-named this group of cannabis growers “The Cornbread Mafia” because none of the 70 men would cooperate with federal authorities. Ever since, folks around Kentucky have associated the word “cornbread” with the finest cannabis.

USDA Organic Certification

Cornbread Hemp sources hemp organically grown from organic, non-GMO seeds. We then use organic sugarcane ethanol to extract the beneficial properties from the raw organic hemp material. The final step is to mix the extract with a carrier oil. We choose organic MCT coconut oil because its smaller molecular size makes it the perfect vehicle to absorb as much CBD into our bodies as possible.

Cornbread Hemp is the only company in the Midwest or upper South that has USDA certified organic CBD oil. This guarantees the product to be free from pesticides and other contaminants. USDA organic certification is the only certification offered by the federal government to vouch for a CBD product’s safety and quality.

Third Party Lab Testing

All of Cornbread Hemp’s products have scannable QR codes that lead directly to easy-to-read lab reports on the company website. Cornbread Hemp partners with Kaycha Labs, a multi-state cannabis testing company with a location in Kentucky.

Full lab reports include potency levels, and tests for pesticides, solvents, heavy metals, and microbial contaminants like bacteria, mold, and fungus -- all things you don’t want in your CBD hemp oil!

Our Core Values

CBD is steadily changing the way the mainstream community views the cannabis plant, whether it be hemp or marijuana. Cornbread Hemp values our customers by making federally legal, high quality CBD easy and accessible to everyone.

Our website offers discount programs to veterans. We also have a subscription program so our customers can have CBD auto-shipped to the safety of their homes.

Cornbread Hemp is family owned and working to provide the best hemp derived CBD oil in the region. Our team serves and supports our local communities.

Bottom Line:

The Farm Bill of 2018 was the first step in reclaiming our connection with cannabis, whether it be called hemp or marijuana. Here at Cornbread Hemp, we believe that taking CBD stands for taking back your health and well being. Our mission is to help everyone gain access to safe, high quality CBD products derived from hemp.

References

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Peter Grinspoon, M., 2020. Cannabidiol (CBD) — What We Know And What We Don’t - Harvard Health Blog. [online] Harvard Health Blog. Available at: https://www.health.harvard.edu/blog/cannabidiol-cbd-what-we-know-and-what-we-dont-2018082414476 Accessed July 6, 2020. 2nd paragraph, 1st sentence

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Moore, M., 2018. How The Endocannabinoid System Was Discovered | Cannabis Sciences. [online] LabRoots. Available at: https://www.labroots.com/trending/cannabis-sciences/8456/endocannabinoid-system-discovered#:~:text=In%201992%2C%20at%20the%20Hebrew,Devane%20discovered%20the%20endocannabinoid%20anandamide.&text=This%20system%20was%20named%20the%20endocannabinoid%20system%20(ECS) Accessed July 6, 2020. 3rd paragraph, 3rd sentence. And 4th paragraph, 2nd sentence

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