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Does CBD Oil Have THC? Is it Psychoactive?

Posted by Jim Higdon on May 14th 2020

Does CBD Oil Have THC? Is it Psychoactive?

CBD oil does in fact contain THC,1 but you may be surprised to learn how important it is!

As CBD becomes more prominent, more people ask us about whether our CBD products have THC in them. CBD is a relatively new concept, but THC is something people know about. Whether they are for it or against it, people have opinions about THC. So when they encounter a CBD brand like Cornbread Hemp, they want to know: Does CBD have THC? It’s a good question.

Everybody Knows About THC

THC is short for delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol2; it is an intoxicating compound that causes the euphoric effect commonly associated with marijuana intoxication. It can cause mild hallucinations, and distort space and time.3 It’s been a fuel of the American counter-culture since before Woodstock. 

Until a couple of years ago, THC was 100% illegal under federal law. But after the passage of the 2018 Farm Bill, the legality of THC changed to 99.7% illegal, which is to say — not entirely illegal. The Farm Bill changed the definition of hemp to mean any cannabis plant with not more than 0.3% THC. That means THC derived from hemp is now legal, as long as it’s under 0.3%.4 

And because the Farm Bill defined hemp solely based on its THC content, that legalized the marketplace for all other cannabinoids, starting with CBD. 

What is CBD?

CBD is one of at least 150 cannabinoids found in the chemical makeup of the cannabis plant.5 THC is the most common cannabinoid, followed by CBD. Short for cannabidiol, CBD is the main compound thought responsible for many of the health benefits6 cannabis is capable of providing. 

Both CBD and THC are known to interact with our bodies’ endocannabinoid system, or ECS. The ECS is a network of receptors that overlays the central nervous system in the human body. The receptors in this system interact with cannabinoids to relay messages between cells to bring the systems of the body into balance.7

CBD and THC interact with the ECS in different ways. THC more commonly affect CB1 receptors in the brain, hence the feelings of “getting high.”8 And CBD tends to bond with CB2 receptors elsewhere in the body. Because of this, CBD has many different health applications9 and can be used in tinctures, capsules, edibles, and lotions. 

What is CBD Oil? 

Hemp-derived CBD oil is made by extracting the cannabinoids from hemp flowers and mixing it with a carrier oil,10 most often coconut MCT oil.

With the introduction of hemp to the mainstream markets, CBD oil has become a popular and beneficial supplement in the natural health market. However, there are still some stigmas attached to marijuana and THC.

Hemp vs Marijuana

The difference between federally legal hemp and marijuana is the amount of THC found in the plant. In order for a hemp plant to be federally legal it must contain no more than 0.3% THC.11 

This threshold of 0.3% is random and arbitrary, and one day we hope it goes up. But for now, the only difference between hemp and marijuana is the percentage of THC. If the THC level is above 0.3%, the federal government considers that to be illegal marijuana. If it’s at or below 0.3% THC, then that is legal hemp.12 

Does CBD Oil Have THC?

Any CBD product labeled “full spectrum” contains THC, but not more than 0.3%.13 CBD products labeled “THC-free,” “broad spectrum,” “non-detectible THC,” or “CBD isolate,” are likely to not contain THC, if the labels are accurate.14 

Full spectrum CBD products have all of the different CBD compounds including THC, up to the legal maximum of 0.3%. Broad spectrum products remove the THC, leaving it with only CBD and a few minor cannabinoids. CBD isolate contains the single CBD compound by itself.15 

But do't worry, the 0.3% THC found in full spectrum CBD products is not enough to get you high. Also, CBD can mitigate the intoxicating effects of THC, which means CBD tones down the effects of THC. So, the answer is no, full spectrum CBD products should not get you high.

Does CBD Oil Need THC to Be Effective?

Studies show that all 150+ cannabinoids work best when they work together. The combined effect of all cannabinoids together is known as the “entourage effect.”16 Each cannabinoid has a different interaction with ECS receptors to bring balance to the system. 

A CBD oil that is labeled as “full-spectrum” will have the full range of cannabinoids and provide the best results.17 

Can I Fail a Drug Test from CBD Oil?

Since CBD oil is becoming more prevalent, there are now CBD drug testing guidelines that suggest a cutoff amount where THC can be admissible in negligible quantities. Tests exist that would be able to tell that the amounts of THC are low enough to be consistent with full spectrum CBD use. 

However, there are still lots of places that do not yet have access to these new sophisticated tests. It is best to consult with your company’s HR department to determine if their drug testing system would be able to discern full spectrum CBD oil use from marijuana use. 

When talking to HR about CBD, always get their guidance in writing. 

Are Side Effects Common With CBD Oil?

CBD can be taken safely in large doses. It does not affect the circulatory or respiratory systems, and it does not have any intoxicating effects.18 Research suggests that any side effects that arise when taking CBD oil or CBD capsules are the result of an interaction with other medication you may be taking.19

The most extreme side effects from CBD include drowsiness or an upset stomach that could result in diarrhea.20 One of the most important things to note when taking CBD - there is zero risk of overdose from cannabis products.

Is CBD Oil Legal?

Yes, CBD is legal under federal law.21 But state laws remain a patchwork mess. If you live in South Dakota, Idaho, or Nebraska, your state laws on CBD might not be as friendly as they should be. 

Cannabis related laws are constantly evolving at a rapid pace. At least 33 states have legalized marijuana for medical use by registered patients with prescriptions. At least 11 states have legalized marijuana for recreational use.22

It is best to check the cannabis laws for your state (and states you may travel to) when seeking any cannabis derived product. You also want to purchase from a reputable company that provides third party lab reports to prove the legitimacy and potency of all their products. 

How to Shop for CBD Oil

Cornbread Hemp is a family-run company dedicated to providing high quality CBD oil made from Kentucky-grown USDA organic hemp. Third party lab reports are easily accessible via QR code, and every product carries a certificate of authenticity to prevent counterfeiting.

Kentucky has established itself as one of the best states to grow hemp in America, along with Colorado and Oregon. The best CBD oil comes from these states, and Cornbread Hemp is the first CBD brand from Kentucky to offer USDA certified organic CBD oils. 

Conclusion: Does CBD Oil Contain THC?

Full spectrum CBD oil contains at most 0.3% THC.23 This is not enough to make anyone feel the intoxication expected from marijuana. The CBD compound actually inhibits the THC compound from binding to certain receptors, preventing it from affecting your consciousness. 

All of the cannabinoids working together helps the wellness properties of the hemp work better. For the best results in using CBD oil, look for a full spectrum product that has the full range of cannabinoids. Check out our online CBD oil shop to find high quality, certified organic full spectrum hemp oil that you can trust!

References

1.

Hudak, J., 2018. The Farm Bill, Hemp Legalization And The Status Of CBD: An Explainer. [online] Brookings. Available at: <https://www.brookings.edu/blog/fixgov/2018/12/14/the-farm-bill-hemp-and-cbd-explainer/> Accessed July 29, 2020. 2nd paragraph, 2nd sentence

2.

Atakan Z. Cannabis, a complex plant: different compounds and different effects on individuals. Ther Adv Psychopharmacol. 2012;2(6):241-254. doi:10.1177/2045125312457586. Under ‘brief history of the biochemistry of the cannabis plant’ section, 1st paragraph, 5th sentence

3.

What Is - and What Causes - the Marijuana "High"? - Medical Marijuana - ProCon.org. Medical Marijuana. https://medicalmarijuana.procon.org/questions/what-is-and-what-causes-the-marijuana-high/. Published October 14, 2019. Accessed July 30, 2020. Under ‘DEA section’, 2nd paragraph, 1st sentence and under ‘CESAR’ section, 2nd paragraph

4.

Hudak, J., 2018. The Farm Bill, Hemp Legalization And The Status Of CBD: An Explainer. [online] Brookings. Available at: <https://www.brookings.edu/blog/fixgov/2018/12/14/the-farm-bill-hemp-and-cbd-explainer/> Accessed July 29, 2020. 2nd paragraph, 2nd sentence

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Nccih.nih.gov. 2020. [online] Available at: <https://www.nccih.nih.gov/health/cannabis-marijuana-and-cannabinoids-what-you-need-to-know> Accessed July 30, 2020. Under ‘how many cannabinoids are there?’ section, 1st sentence

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Maroon J, Bost J. Review of the neurological benefits of phytocannabinoids. Surg Neurol Int. 2018;9:91. Published 2018 Apr 26. doi: 10.4103/sni.sni_45_18. Under ‘neuroprotective benefits of Phyto cannabinoids’ section, 1st paragraph, 2nd and 3rd sentence

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Uclahealth.org. 2020. Human Endocannabinoid System - UCLA Cannabis Research Initiative - Los Angeles, CA. [online] Available at: <https://www.uclahealth.org/cannabis/human-endocannabinoid-system> Accessed July 29, 2020. 1st paragraph, 1st , 2nd and 3rd sentence

8.

Institute of Medicine (US); Joy JE, Watson SJ Jr., Benson JA Jr., editors. Marijuana and Medicine: Assessing the Science Base. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 1999. 2, Cannabinoids and Animal Physiology. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK230721/. Under ‘introduction’ section, 4th paragraph, 2nd sentence of 1st bullet point

9.

Institute of Medicine (US); Joy JE, Watson SJ Jr., Benson JA Jr., editors. Marijuana and Medicine: Assessing the Science Base. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 1999. 2, Cannabinoids and Animal Physiology. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK230721/. Under ‘introduction’ section, 4th paragraph, 3rd sentence of 1st bullet point

10.

Phys.org. 2018. Favoring Female Flowers In Hemp Horticulture. [online] Available at: <https://phys.org/news/2018-12-favoring-female-hemp-horticulture.html> Accessed July 29, 2020. 7th paragraph, 1st sentence

11.

Hudak, J., 2018. The Farm Bill, Hemp Legalization And The Status Of CBD: An Explainer. [online] Brookings. Available at: <https://www.brookings.edu/blog/fixgov/2018/12/14/the-farm-bill-hemp-and-cbd-explainer/> Accessed July 29, 2020. 2nd paragraph, 2nd sentence

12.

Hudak, J., 2018. The Farm Bill, Hemp Legalization And The Status Of CBD: An Explainer. [online] Brookings. Available at: <https://www.brookings.edu/blog/fixgov/2018/12/14/the-farm-bill-hemp-and-cbd-explainer/> Accessed July 29, 2020. 2nd paragraph, 2nd sentence

13.

Hudak, J., 2018. The Farm Bill, Hemp Legalization And The Status Of CBD: An Explainer. [online] Brookings. Available at: <https://www.brookings.edu/blog/fixgov/2018/12/14/the-farm-bill-hemp-and-cbd-explainer/> Accessed July 29, 2020. 2nd paragraph, 2nd sentence

14.

Jones, I., 2020. Full-Spectrum Cannabis Extracts VS CBD Isolate | Fundación CANNA: Scientific Studies And Cannabis Testing. [online] Fundacion-canna.es. Available at: <https://www.fundacion-canna.es/en/full-spectrum-cannabis-extracts-vs-cbd-isolate> Accessed July 30, 2020. 8th paragraph, 2nd sentence

15.

Jones, I., 2020. Full-Spectrum Cannabis Extracts VS CBD Isolate | Fundación CANNA: Scientific Studies And Cannabis Testing. [online] Fundacion-canna.es. Available at: <https://www.fundacion-canna.es/en/full-spectrum-cannabis-extracts-vs-cbd-isolate> Accessed July 30, 2020. 3rd paragraph, 3rd and 4th sentence

16.

Jones, I., 2020. Full-Spectrum Cannabis Extracts VS CBD Isolate | Fundación CANNA: Scientific Studies And Cannabis Testing. [online] Fundacion-canna.es. Available at: <https://www.fundacion-canna.es/en/full-spectrum-cannabis-extracts-vs-cbd-isolate> Accessed July 30, 2020. 5th paragraph, 3rd and 4th sentence

17.

Jones, I., 2020. Full-Spectrum Cannabis Extracts VS CBD Isolate | Fundación CANNA: Scientific Studies And Cannabis Testing. [online] Fundacion-canna.es. Available at: <https://www.fundacion-canna.es/en/full-spectrum-cannabis-extracts-vs-cbd-isolate> Accessed July 30, 2020. 6th paragraph

18.

CBD Dosage - How Much CBD Oil Should I Take? CBD Oil Review. https://cbdoilreview.org/cbd-cannabidiol/cbd-dosage/. Accessed July 30, 2020. Under ‘know you cannot overdose on CBD’ section, 1st paragraph, 1st sentence

19.

Drugs That May Interact with CBD Oil: Learn More. CBD Oil Review. https://cbdoilreview.org/cbd-cannabidiol/cbd-p-450-enzyme/. Accessed July 30, 2020. Under ‘cannabidiol in the cytochrome p-450 system’ section, 1st, 2nd, and 3rd sentence

20.

Best CBD Oils. 2020. Can CBD Cause Diarrhea? - Best CBD Oils. [online] Available at: <https://www.bestcbdoils.org/can-cbd-cause-diarrhea/> Accessed July 30, 2020. 1st paragraph, 3rd sentence.

21.

Hudak, J., 2018. The Farm Bill, Hemp Legalization And The Status Of CBD: An Explainer. [online] Brookings. Available at: <https://www.brookings.edu/blog/fixgov/2018/12/14/the-farm-bill-hemp-and-cbd-explainer/> Accessed July 29, 2020. 2nd paragraph, 2nd sentence

22.

Karmen Hanson AG. State Medical Marijuana Laws. https://www.ncsl.org/research/health/state-medical-marijuana-laws.aspx. Accessed July 30, 2020. Refer to states cannabis program map

23.

Hudak, J., 2018. The Farm Bill, Hemp Legalization And The Status Of CBD: An Explainer. [online] Brookings. Available at: <https://www.brookings.edu/blog/fixgov/2018/12/14/the-farm-bill-hemp-and-cbd-explainer/> Accessed July 29, 2020. 2nd paragraph, 2nd sentence