Understanding Ohio’s laws on CBD and marijuana
Even though CBD products are legal nationwide, there’s still some confusion about Ohio. Is CBD legal in Ohio? About a year ago, the Ohio Board of Pharmacy made some strange rules that they later rescinded. But those temporary rules created some confusion that still lingers to this day. So, we wrote this helpful post to set the record straight.
CBD is legal (even in Ohio)
In December 2018, Congress passed the Agriculture Improvement Act, otherwise known as the Farm Bill. The Farm Bill is an appropriations bill passed every few years that funds the entire United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Congress made the first step to legalize hemp with the Farm Bill of 2014. In that bill, members of Congress inserted a one-page provision to legalize hemp as pilot programs. In the 2018 Farm Bill, Congress expanded these programs to make them 100% legal by de-scheduling hemp from the Controlled Substances Act (CSA).
The passage of the CSA in 1970 criminalized the cannabis plant. It did this by creating “schedules” of drugs with cannabis listed as “Schedule 1.” The CSA defines Schedule I as a drug with high risk for abuse and no medical benefit. For the first time since the passage of the CSA nearly 50 years before, the Farm Bill de-scheduled the portion of cannabis plants defined as hemp.
Congress changed the definition of hemp to mean any cannabis plant with a THC level of not more than 0.3 percent. This facilitated the commercial cultivation, processing, and marketing of cannabis hemp plants.
The passage of the Farm Bill enabled hemp to become a multipurpose super-crop like it had been in the past. Cornbread Hemp hopes that the Farm Bill will be the first step towards broader cannabis reform. The advent of the CBD oil market is helping to drive advocacy for the benefits of utilizing cannabis as a wellness alternative.
What does CBD oil do?
CBD works by balancing the endocannabinoid system, or ECS, a recently discovered network of receptors that overlays the nervous system. The ECS appears to control many different functions in the body that cause symptoms such as inflammation, pain, anxiety, insomnia, and seizure activity. More research is needed.
CBD is one of about 150 compounds called phytocannabinoids found in hemp. These phytocannabinoids seem to interact with receptors throughout the ECS to decrease inflammation and promote relaxation in the body. CBD’s effect on the ECS is different than the effect of THC, which affects receptors in the brain and produces a euphoric effect. Full spectrum CBD oil that contains not more than 0.3% THC is not enough to get you high and just enough to help the other phytocannabinoids like CBD work together more efficiently.
What is the legal status of cannabis in Ohio?
Ohio’s medical marijuana program became fully operational in September 2018, just a few months before the signing of the Farm Bill that legalized hemp. Ohio residents deemed eligible by their doctors can obtain a medical marijuana card and purchase full-strength marijuana at state-licensed dispensaries.
But before medical marijuana dispensaries opened their doors in Ohio, the Ohio Board of Pharmacies declared in August 2018 that only medical marijuana dispensaries could sell CBD. This caused a great deal of confusion, especially since the Board of Pharmacies only had jurisdiction over pharmacies, not the many other types of retailers selling CBD, like health food stores, groceries stores, and smoke shops.
To no one’s surprise, many of these stores continued to sell CBD despite the ruling from the Board of Pharmacies. But to clarify things, a new bill made its way through the Ohio legislature. In July 2019, Governor Mike DeWine signed SB 57, which legalized the sale and possession of hemp-derived CBD products that contain not more than 0.3% THC without needing a license or a prescription.
Why choose CBD if marijuana is legal?
Why would someone want to use CBD oil in Ohio when medical marijuana is legal there? It’s a common question since many people still think of CBD as simply a weaker version of full-strength cannabis. There are multiple reasons why someone might choose CBD over marijuana.
For starters, medical marijuana in Ohio is only obtainable by people who meet a strict criteria for the program. First, you must make an appointment with a doctor. Then, the doctor will only approve patients for a medical marijuana card by diagnosing them with a condition on a very specific list of ailments. Further, the medical marijuana card comes with a fee. And the prescription and the card must be kept up to date. And finally, patients can only purchase the product at a state-licensed dispensary, limiting its accessibility.
Since the passage of SB 57, Ohions can find legal CBD products practically anywhere, from gas stations to health food stores. CBD oil does not require a prescription or a license to purchase. And aside from being more accessible, a lot of people want to experience the health benefits associated with cannabis without compromising their sobriety by getting “high.” Many parents turn to CBD as a safer option for their children.
Another important point is from the 2019 survey from Gallup that found 14 percent of Americans use CBD products. But when you look at the breakdown by region, those numbers increase to 21 percent in western states, where marijuana is legal, compared to only 11 percent in the eastern US. This seems to indicate the CBD is even more popular in places where marijuana is legal.
Where can I buy the best CBD oil in Ohio?
The CBD oil market is flooded with new products. Therefore, it is important to find a brand that provides a high-grade CBD oil from the best hemp sources available. Make certain that the manufacturer follows the law by not exceeding 0.3% THC in their products. Look for full lab reports that are easy to access. The CBD market is still considered the “Wild West” because there are no FDA regulations yet. The only federal program available that ensures safe CBD products is USDA organic certification.
Therefore, Look for CBD products that are USDA certified organic. These products should also have a QR code on the packaging that links to lab test results.
Why should Ohio residents choose Kentucky-grown hemp?
Kentucky, just to Ohio’s south, possesses the perfect climate to produce the best hemp in the country. Cornbread Hemp works with Kentucky farmers who cultivate USDA certified organic hemp. This ensures that only the highest quality organic extracts make it into our products.
Cornbread Hemp sends all our products to a third-party lab to guarantee that nothing exceeds 0.3% THC. We also test for pesticides, heavy metals, solvents, and other contaminants. All third-party lab reports are readily available on our website and via QR code on all packaging.
Ohio CBD conclusions
Ohio deserves credit as one of the first midwestern states to legalize medical marijuana. But they sure made CBD legalization more confusing than necessary. Today, Ohioans can legally purchase hemp-derived CBD oils and CBD creams anywhere in Ohio.
However, it remains important to research CBD brands to make sure you are getting a trustworthy product. The good news is: you do not have to look far! Visit www.cornbreadhemp.com and see what people are saying on our reviews page.
Cornbread Hemp is a Kentucky Proud company. That means we are proud to provide the best quality legal CBD products in the region. On top of that, many of our products are USDA certified organic, too!